The University Entrance Exams

The importance of university entrance exams in Japan cannot be overstated, since admission to the \right” university may dictate one’s future career and social status. From the time that a student enters lower secondary school, much of the Japanese educational system is dedicated to preparing students to pass the university entrance exams. Throughout high school (and before) students often attend juku and yobiko after regular school hours or during holidays. These are special cram schools that prepare students for the university entrance exams. The University Entrance Center Examination (UECE) is similar to the SAT exam given in the United States. The entrance exam to public universities consists of two partsThe standardized primary exam, the first part, is off ered once per year in mid-January. The secondary exam is off ered by each university at a later date. Usually the exams are weighted about 50-50; however, at some prestigious universities the secondary exam is given more weight. The University of Tokyo counts the secondary exam as 80%. Private universities will either use the UECE or use their own exam. A small percentage of students, usually at private universities, do not have to take the examinations and are admitted by recommendation.

Below it is shown an example of the math examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU). Test is used to evaluate whether international students who wish to study at the undergraduate level at universities or other such higher educational institutions in Japan possess the Japanese basic academic abilities needed to study at those institutions. Exam has two courses. Course 1 is for undergraduate faculties and departments for which a basic knowledge of math is considered sufficient. Course 2 is for undergraduate faculties and departments for which math is very important. At the time of taking the examination the exam must choose whether to take Course 1 or Course 2; the exam should follow the instructions given by the university or the department to which he is applying.